Slavery and blood pressure-Blacks' slave linked to hypertension - UPI Archives

It was originally proposed in by Clarence Grim and Thomas W. Wilson, who subsequently promoted it heavily during the remainder of the s. It gained considerable media attention when Grim presented it at a conference in The first peer-reviewed paper advancing the hypothesis was published by Wilson and Grim in This study also received considerable media attention.

Slavery and blood pressure

Slavery and blood pressure

Hypertension ; 17 Respiratory vibrator 1 : I—I Pharmacotherapy ; — International News in Brief29 September Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and Slavery and blood pressure, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.

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The Bllod of Sport reflects on its history. Length: 4. Prog Biochem Pharmacol. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Offer does not apply to purchases from other retailers and accessories. The editor of the American Journal of Cardiology declared in that "[i]t is this selective survival Slavery and blood pressure the descendants of surviving slaves of genes responsible for an increased ability to hold on to salt that is now responsible for the exceptionally high prevalence of hypertension in African-Americans. Stores caught selling knives to youth. On Distinction. Something had to be different about New World blacks, and speculation soon focused on selection processes in the slave trade and the trans-Atlantic voyage. We will never sell your data and will keep it safe and secure. One Acen talks Casa Bacardi, live shows and new music. Ideally, you will want to track the average of three consecutive blood pressure readings every time you check your blood pressure and share these averages with your physician. History of salt supplies in West Africa and blood pressures today. Because the genetic makeup Fertilisation by sperm a population bliod largely determined by biological and ecological forces in the past, an examination of the biohistory of blacks, specifically the slavery Slavery and blood pressure, was conducted. Please review our privacy policy.

The "dubious theory" that blacks' disproportionately high rate of hypertension "is an evolutionary byproduct of the slave trade" is "questionable at face value," Osagie Obasogie, director of the project on bioethics, law and society at the Center for Genetics and Society , writes in a Los Angeles Times opinion piece.

  • A review of the historical evidence shows that there was no salt deficiency in those parts of Africa, nor do present-day West Africans have a high incidence of hypertension.
  • This monitor features a lightweight, slim, portable design so you can check your blood pressure—even on the go.
  • He has written a number of articles on the ways in which health status varies by race, class and other socioeconomic quantities, and has co-written an important essay for the New England Journal of Medicine called "Race and Genomics.

Clarence Grim, director of hypertension research at Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles, described his hypothesis on why high blood pressure is disproportionately common amoung American blacks.

Hypertension is twice as common among American blacks as it is among whites. Two of three American blacks over age 50 suffer from high blood pressure, and research has shown that the major reasons for differences in blood pressure among individuals lie in the genes they inherit, rather than the environment in which they live, Grim said.

In their native Africa, blacks survived the hot, humid environment because their bodies were good at conserving salt, Grim said. This was important because the Africans could have lost large amounts of salt through sweat, and it was not readily replaced in their low-salt diets.

During the brutal conditions of capture and transportation for slavery -- including low-salt and low-water diets combined with dehydration, vomiting and diarrhea of sea sickness -- only individuals best at retaining salt were able to survive and become the ancestors of American blacks, Grim's theory holds. Grim said by some estimates, up to 40 million blacks may have been captured in Africa to be traded as slaves. Of these, 11 million survived to be transported to the Western Hemisphere -- primarily the Caribbean and Americas -- during the s.

Only about 1 million of them made it to the United States to become slaves, Grim sad. But the high-salt diet of modern American blacks, who have kept this ability to retain salt, puts them at much greater risk for high blood pressure, Grim said at an American Heart Association symposium. Some studies of blacks in the Caribbean have shown similar blood pressures to those of American blacks, he said.

Grim said he would seek funding for further study on the hypothesis, and would like to compare modern African blacks to American blacks, as well as to black Americans whose ancestors were not slaves and blacks who have recently come to the United States, to see how blood pressures may have changed during residence here. Black Africans today have lower blood pressures than American blacks, Grim said, but that primarily is believed to be because of their still low-salt diet.

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Slavery and blood pressure

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Your BP Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor, excluding the wrist cuff and batteries, is warranted to be free from defects in materials and workmanship appearing within five years from the date of purchase, when used in accordance with the instructions provided with the monitor. The above warranty extends only to the original retail purchaser. We will, at our option, replace without charge any monitor or arm cuff covered by the above warranty.

Replacement is our only responsibility, and your only remedy under the above warranty. See Instruction Manual for full warranty details. The ability to check your blood pressure easily, wherever you are, is essential not only to your health but to your peace of mind.

When you do, it's important to have complete reassurance that your numbers are accurate. Get portability, convenience, and complete blood pressure accuracy right out of the box so you can go about your day with confidence. Model: BP You will need to submit your order receipt to your FSA plan provider reimbursement. In Stock. Buy Now. UltraSilent Inflation. Heart Zone Guidance. Two-User Mode, Reading Storage. Wireless Bluetooth Convenience.

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The arm cuff is warranted to be free from defects in materials and workmanship appearing within one year from the date of purchase, when the monitor is used in accordance with the instructions provided with the monitor.

The above warranty extends only to the original retail purchaser. We will, at our option, replace without charge any monitor or arm cuff covered by the above warranty. Replacement is our only responsibility, and your only remedy under the above warranty. See Instruction Manual for full warranty details. The ability to check your blood pressure easily, wherever you are, is essential not only to your health but to your peace of mind.

When you do, it's important to have complete reassurance that your numbers are accurate. Get portability, convenience, and complete blood pressure accuracy right out of the box so you can go about your day with confidence. Model: BP

The slavery hypothesis for hypertension among African Americans: the historical evidence.

The "dubious theory" that blacks' disproportionately high rate of hypertension "is an evolutionary byproduct of the slave trade" is "questionable at face value," Osagie Obasogie, director of the project on bioethics, law and society at the Center for Genetics and Society , writes in a Los Angeles Times opinion piece. The theory -- known as the "slavery hypothesis" -- suggests that "slaves who survived the food and water deprivation, dysentery and vomiting endemic on [their] grueling voyage had a genetic predisposition to retaining sodium," Obasogie writes.

This "is believed to have loaded the African-American gene pool with genes favoring salt retention, which in turn, generates high blood pressure," according to Obasogie. Obasogie adds, "Racial disparities in health are real. But a bit of caution should be exercised when playing the gene card to explain them. Compression Garments Can Ease Lymphedema. Covering Costs? Not So Easy. Thursday, May 17 This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations.

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Slavery and blood pressure